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eCommerce platform Magento

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Magento is the world’s largest eCommerce platform with open source code. The flexibility of code is one of the biggest advantages, due to which a lot of traders turn to this platform. The release of Magento 2 took place in late 2015, it allows you to solve a variety of tasks of any complexity. Unlike the first version of the platform, the second has a significant improvement, namely:

  • advanced and more convenient back-end and front-end interface;
  • increase in productivity;
  • minimized the possibility of conflicts between modules of the same functionality;
  • localization of each module’s files in one place;
  • advanced template system, which provides a multi-level hierarchy;
  • improvement of the code quality and minimization of the possibility of errors due to the integration of useful design patterns in the code;
  • full-page caching;
  • PHP 7 support

For several years of active use of the platform, each developer noted that Magento 2 is a more powerful software product than the previous one, and learning the new version is more exciting.

Architecture of Magento 2

architecture of magento 2
The main purpose of developing Magento 2 is to make the source code as flexible and modular as possible, customize (change the behavior of the code) and adapt it to the needs of any project. In the eCommerce platform, the user can track the kernel updates, and also apply it without causing the changes in the customized code.

Magento 2 is a Model View ViewModel (MVVM) system that supports a stricter separation between display and model in comparison to its architectural relative Model View Controller (MVC).

Layers of MVVM architecture:

  • – for the business logic the Model layer is responsible, and depends on the associated class – the resource model (ResourceModel) – which is used to connect to the database. Models rely on service contracts to show their functionality to other layers of the application.
  • – for that the user sees on the screen – the Html page, the “View” layer responds. In Magento 2, these functions are performed by phtml files, which localized in modules. Phtml files are attached to the ViewModel inside the Layout XML file and are called links. Layout files can also declare javascript files that are used on the destination page.
  • – The ViewModel layer interacts with the Model layer and passes the necessary information to the View layer. In this eCommerce platform, these functions are attached to the Block class, which is located in each module, where all the necessary functionality is implemented. For this part, in the MVC architecture, responds the Controller. The MVVM controller regulates the flow of the user’s requests and reflects the necessary pages or redirects to others.

To summarize, it should be noted that a large number of functional extensions exist inside individual Magento 2 modules, such as helpers (functions used in the module that are not the semantic part of the business logic), translations to the module (files with multi language settings of the application), tests, UI components and much more. Also, it is worth mentioning the best practices of front-end development on Magento 2. To speed up the process of development of the online stores, the developer “does not invent a bicycle”, but simply redefines one of the standard templates that have a ready-made set of all pages of the online store, this significantly speeds up the process of website development.

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